As a small business owner, should your staff be contractors or employees? There are many factors to assess when it comes to this, and it is the business owner’s responsibility to get it right. Agilis Books is here to help you decipher this.



Something many business owners tend to get confused with, is the difference between a contractor and an employee.

Here, we will break down the difference, and distinguish whose responsibility it is to get this right.




An employee is someone who:

  • Works in the business and is integral to that business.
  • Has rights and entitlements under the Fair Work Act 2009.
  • Has a reasonable expectation of ongoing work, agreed hours and duties.
  • Is covered by the employer’s workers compensation insurance.
  • Is paid superannuation guarantee.




A contractor is someone who:

  • Is actively running and advertising their own business.
  • Is responsible for their own insurance, equipment, licenses, and tax.
  • Has a high level of independence, discretion, and control as to how and when the work is. performed, as well as being able to delegate.
  • Is liable to fix mistakes at their own cost.
  • May or may not be paid super depending on the nature of the work engagement.

Ultimately, it is the business owner’s legal responsibility to determine the nature of the work and the correct basis of engagement. At Agilis Books, we can help you get it right.


Multi Factor Text


There are many factors involved in deciding whether a worker is an employee or contractor, and the guidelines must be applied individually to each working relationship. There is no single overriding factor; rather, the totality of the working relationship and nature of the work being done is taken into consideration.


Sole Trader as a Contractor May Not be Right.


When sole traders are engaged as contractors, the business owner needs to check whether they really meet the criteria for being engaged as a contractor. Many sole traders engaged as contractors are not actively carrying on a business, even if they have their own ABN, and do not have the level of independence that a contractor should have.

Sole traders are often engaged for their own services and labour, are not free to delegate the work to someone else and must work under the direction of the employing business. In this case, they should be engaged as an employee and not a contractor.


Factors to Consider.


This is not an exhaustive list, but some of the main factors to assess include:

  • Is the worker engaged to achieve a specific result or are they engaged for their labour?
  • Are they able to delegate their contract to another worker within their own business?
  • How much choice do they have in where, when, and how the work is performed?
  • Who is liable to fix damages or mistakes?
  • Is the service integral to the business?
  • Do they advertise services and accept work from other businesses?


Contractor or Casual Employee?


If you are not sure whether a worker is an employee or a contractor, check the ATO Employee or Contractor information first.

It is ok to engage a worker as a contractor initially and to reassess the engagement three to six months later if the situation is unclear. However, at that point, if the worker does not meet the contractor definition, but you do not need a permanent employee, put them on as a casual employee. This is often the best solution for both parties so that the employer is compliant with tax, super and employment laws and the worker retains some flexibility while being paid super and having tax taken care of.

The ATO and the Fair Work Ombudsman are particularly concerned with the validity of sole traders treated as contractors, as they are the workers most frequently disadvantaged by being classified incorrectly as a contractor when they in fact meet the test for being an employee.


Getting it Right to Avoid Penalties


A business that should have engaged a worker as an employee will be liable for back-payment of entitlements (such as leave, overtime and allowances), and superannuation.

Some situations are straightforward to work out – but many contractor or employee decisions are not so easy with so many factors to take into consideration.


Let Agilis Books help you get it right and sort out the financial obligations for all your workers, whether they be contractors or employees. Contact us today!


This blog was originally published by BOMA, but has had edits made by Agilis Books for the benefit of our readers